Taurine - A sulfur-containing amino acid that is found throughout the body, but especially in muscle and nerve tissue, taurine assists in regulating heartbeat and muscle contractions, and levels of neurotransmitters in the brain. It is essential for the proper functioning of the electrolytic minerals calcium, magnesium, potassium, and sodium, helping to protect against muscle cramping. Among its many benefits, taurine is suggested to increase concentration and mental alertness, and it possesses antioxidant properties. Perhaps most important to athletes, taurine supplementation is correlated with increases in VO2 max and time to exhaustion. Along with carnosine, taurine helps reduce lactic acid buildup and assists in maintaining optimal blood pH.
Beta-alanine - This amino acid increases muscle concentrations of the dipeptide carnosine, which helps alleviate fatigue by acting as a buffer against increased acidity.
L-Carnitine Fumarate - L-carnitine is an amino acid that primarily functions as a transporter of fatty acids into the mitochondria for conversion to energy. Fumaric acid (fumarate) is a Krebs Cycle Intermediate and plays a vital role in energy production.
Spectra™ - A proprietary blend of 29 vegetable, fruit, and herbal ingredients, Spectra™ has been shown a crossover, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to increase nitric oxide (NO) levels by 64%. Increasing NO levels result in increased blood flow to muscles, enhancing delivery of nutrients and oxygen to working muscles, thus supporting increases in endurance and strength. That same study showed that Spectra™ also provides powerful antioxidant support, reducing free radical production.
Green Tea Extract (standardized to 50% polyphenols) - A natural source of caffeine, green tea also contains polyphenols such as catechins - including an especially important one known as epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) - which provide antioxidant and cardiovascular health support.
elevATP™ - A proprietary, clinically-researched blend of plant-derived trace minerals and polyphenol-rich apple extracts, elevATP™ works with the body's natural energy-producing mechanisms to stimulate production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the energy currency of the body.
Beet Juice Powder - A rich source of nitrates, which help boost nitric oxide (NO) levels.
Tyrosine - This amino acid is the precursor for several important neurotransmitters that are involved in alleviating stress and fatigue, while helping to increase mental alertness.
Tart Cherry Extract (standardized to 6.5% anthocyanins) - Cherries contain naturally occurring compounds (anthocyanins) that research has shown helps block pro-inflammatory COX-1 and COX-2 enzymes. This helps support normal muscle function during exercise, while alleviating muscle aches and promoting rapid muscle recovery after exercise.